I had been praying for that day to come. : Becoming Minnesotan

Addi Batica at Macchu Picchu, Peru, 2004. Minnesota Historical Society, Oral His
  • Name - Adelbert Batica
  • Age at interview - 61
  • Gender - Male
  • Generation - First Generation American / Immigrant
  • Date of Interview - 01.26.2011
  • Addi Batica giving an interview during a protest, 1985.
    An armed forces departure ceremony for Philippine President Ferdinard Marcos.

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    Essential Question

    Life in the Old Country: What makes a country a person’s homeland?

    Politics & Government: How are other systems of government different than the U.S. government?

    Words to look for

    revolution
    revolt

    Background Information

    Ferdinand Marcos was first elected President of the Philippines in 1965. He was supported by the public at first, as crime rates fell and the economy improved under his regime. However, in the 1970s public unhappiness with the extent of government corruption and with the force used by the military against dissenters grew. Anger at the 1983 assassination of a Marcos opponent, Benigno Aquino, Jr., and at the bankruptcy of the country led to Marcos’s call for a new election in February 1986. The election was very close, and Marcos claimed victory over his opponent, Aquino’s widow Corazon Aquino. There was evidence of widespread fraud, however, and Filipinos held mass protests against the election results. Large portions of the military began to desert Marcos, and with the army and the public against him, he and his family were evacuated to Hawaii by the U.S. military on February 26, 1986. This peaceful uprising, which exiled Marcos and installed Corazon Aquino as president, became known as the People Power Revolution.

    To learn more about Filipino history and culture, visit our Filipino Community page.

    • Chapter 1

    Download Adelbert Batica 5
    2:38 Minutes | 2.54Mb

    Transcription

    Narrator: Adelbert Batica (AB)

    Interviewer: Lita Malicsi (LM)

    LM: You were a politically conscious person in the Philippines and you continue to be a politically conscious person as you live here in America.

    What do you consider to be the most important political event in the Philippines that occurred during your life?

    AB: I would say the People Power Revolution in February of 1986. Because I had been praying for that day to come.

    LM: For those people, Filipinos and non-Filipinos, who are not very knowledgeable, can you elaborate on that? Can you talk a little bit more about the People Power, that revolution? What was it like? How did it come about and what did it do for the Philippines?

    AB: Well, it started out as a mutiny staged by a segment, mostly younger officers of the Philippine military, who were later on joined by the defense minister, as well as the armed forces deputy chief of staff. And then when Marcos ordered the tanks to attack Army headquarters, the cardinal at the time, the Archbishop of Manila, Cardinal Sin, called on his flock to rally around the mutineers and protect them from the approaching tanks without resorting to violence. And the crowds just grew and grew and grew, until finally Marcos realized that there was no way he could turn back the tide, that everybody was now in revolt, and at that point the U.S. also decided to cut ties with him.

    LM: That’s when he and his family, the Marcos family, fled to…

    AB: Hawaii.

    LM: Hawaii. And that revolution led to the presidency of..?

    AB: Corazon Aquino.

    LM: Corazon Aquino, yes.


    Related Glossary Terms

    conscious

    Adjective:  To be aware of one’s existence or state of being.

    elaborate

    Verb: To give further detail or explanation. (elaborates, elaborating, elaborated)

    mutineer

    Noun: Someone who participates in a mutiny, an organized rebellion against a legal authority.

    political

    Adverb:  Concerning or related to politics, the art and process of governing.

    rally

    Verb:  To assemble; to unite.  (rallies, rallying, rallied)

    revolt

    Noun: An act or state of rebellion against an authority.

    revolution

    Noun:  Removal or replacement of the government.

    Citation

    Minnesota Historical Society. Becoming Minnesotan: Stories of Recent Immigrants and Refugees. September 2010. Institute of Museum and Library Services. [Date of access]. http://www.mnhs.org/immigration
    nid: 2125