Refugee: Becoming Minnesotan

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
11.15.1991
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Male silhouette.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Nhia Yer Yang

Age at Interview: 
60
Nar Gender: 
Male
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Nhia Yer Yang was born in Laos around 1930.  He is a shaman and prior to immigrating to the United States in 1980, he was a soldier and the mayor of his village.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
11.01.1999
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Bo Thao and Mai Vang Thao, 2000.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Mai Vang Thao

Age at Interview: 
48
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Mai Vang Thao is the mother of Bo Thao. She was born in 1952 in Luang Phrabang, Laos. She married when she was twenty years old and has five children. She and her husband immigrated to the U.S. in 1979. She is of the Stripe Hmong clan and practices traditional spiritual beliefs. For various reasons, she received very little schooling.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
01.27.2000
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Mao Song Lyfoung Vang, Minnesota History Center, St. Paul, c.2000.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Mao Song Lyfoung Vang

Age at Interview: 
80
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Mao Song Lyfoung Vang was born in July 1919. Her maiden clan was the Ly clan and she married into the Vang clan. She has twelve children, six are still living. One lives in Laos, three live in France, and two live in the U.S. She never attended school. She immigrated to the U.S. in 1988 and has been widowed since 1992.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
12.01.1999
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Mai Neng Moua, Open Book, downtown Minneapolis, November 29, 2008.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Mai Neng Moua

Age at Interview: 
25
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Mai Neng Moua was born in Laos in 1973. Her family immigrated to the U.S. in 1981 when she was 8 years old. She speaks the White Hmong dialect although her father’s family was Blue Hmong. She graduated from St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, completed her Master’s degree, and at the time of the interview was working in public affairs.  Mai has published a journal of Hmong writing titled Paj Ntaub Voice since 1994, and she published Bamboo Among the Oaks: Contemporary Writing by Hmong-Americans in 2002.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
12.01.1999
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Kim Yang, c. 2000.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Kim Yang

Age at Interview: 
31
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Kim Yang was born Va Vang in 1969 in Long Cheng, Laos. Her family immigrated to the U.S. in April 1980 from Ban Vinai (Npaab Vib Nais) refugee camp in Thailand, when Kim was 11. She finished high school and studied computer programming for six months. At the time of the interview she had been married for fifteen years and had five children. Also at that time she worked as a computer programmer; her duties included adapting digital forms to make them easier for the Hmong to use.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
11.13.1991
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Female silhouette.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Khou Xiong (Mrs. Xeng Sue Yang)

Age at Interview: 
61
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Khou Xiong was a mother and housewife in Laos. She immigrated to Minneapolis in 1979 at the age of 49. At the time of the interview she made a living completing Hmong handiwork sent from Laos, whose profits from sale were returned to Laos.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
02.03.1992
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Male silhouette.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Cher Vang

Age at Interview: 
31
Nar Gender: 
Male
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Cher Vang immigrated to the United States from Laos in April, 1976, at the age of 15. At the time of the interview Cher Vang was the St. Paul Children's Hospital Hmong parent representative/interpreter.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
01.17.2000
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Bo Thao, 2000.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Bo Thao

Age at Interview: 
26
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Refugee
Nar Biography: 

Bo Thao is the daughter of Mai Vang Thao. She was born in Luang Phrabang, Laos in 1974. She is a Stripe Hmong. Her family immigrated to the United States in December 1979. She has a bachelor’s degree in Family Social Science. At the time of the interview, she worked for the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry and was working on her Master’s degree.

Full interview

Narrator Name Audio Clip: 
Date of Interview: 
08.26.2005
Narrator Image
NAR Image: 
Yangchen Dolkar, c.2005.
Biography
Nar Full Name With Phonetic Pronunciation Guide: 

Yangchen Dolkar

Age at Interview: 
55
Nar Gender: 
Female
Nar Generation: 
First Generation American / Immigrant
Nar Biography: 

Yangchen Dolkar was born in Dingri, Tibet. She fled Tibet to Nepal when she was 19, where started a family and worked as a carpet weaver. Dolkar moved to Minnesota in 1993 as part of the United States Tibetan Resettlement Project, and he children later joined her.

Full interview

nid: term